Many women experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. It is most common during the early weeks of pregnancy. Even though it doesn’t always happen in the morning, this is known as morning sickness. However, if you have severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy you might have a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum. So, what is the difference between regular morning sickness and hyperemesis gravidarum?
Any woman who has ever been pregnant and experienced morning sickness can tell you that the condition is poorly named. Nausea and vomiting associated with early pregnancy is not limited to the morning hours. That’s why many professionals don’t refer to it as morning sickness anymore. They call it “nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.” It can happen any time during the day and when it happens varies from woman to woman.
Some women will experience a short bout of nausea each day and vomit once or twice. Other women will experience multiple bouts of nausea that may be prolonged and vomit more frequently. Each pregnancy is different.
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), nausea and vomiting of pregnancy usually start before 9 weeks of pregnancy. Most women experience relief from morning sickness after 14 weeks of pregnancy. However, it is possible for it to last several weeks or months beyond that. In rare cases, it can last throughout the pregnancy.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is extreme nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. It is not as common as regular morning sickness. According to ACOG, hyperemesis gravidarum occurs in up to 3% of pregnancies. The cause of the condition is unknown.
While hyperemesis gravidarum can happen in any pregnancy, there are some things that may increase your risk of developing the condition:
While hyperemesis gravidarum does not usually harm the mother or the fetus, there are potential complications associated with the condition. This includes:
If you have morning sickness and your symptoms are interfering with your ability to perform everyday activities, you should consult your OB.GYN. Even if you don’t have hyperemesis gravidarum, they can help you manage your symptoms.
If you have the symptoms of hyperemesis you should see your OB/GYN right away to get the proper care to avoid dehydration and other complications.
If you are experiencing severe morning sickness, you should consult an OB/GYN. The physicians, nurses, and medical staff at Kernodle OB/GYN offer a comprehensive list of gynecological and obstetric services to the women in Burlington and Mebane, NC. If you have questions about nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, call us at (336) 538-2367 to make an appointment.
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